Pedagogical, Psychological and Psychotherapeutic Help in Overcoming Learning Difficulties to Facilitate Development

  • Viktor K. Zaretskii Moscow State University of Psychology and Education
  • Alla B. Kholmogorova Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

Résumé

The paper discusses theoretical basics for organising the work and interaction of different specialists helping children with learning difficulties (teachers, counsellors, therapists). The multivector model of the zone of proximal development based on cultural-historical psychology and developed in the theoretical framework of Reflection-Activity approach is proposed as such basic value. We connect different types of help to various developmental vectors and regard them as technologies to enhancing the client’s development. We reveal the contents of such notions as cooperation, zone of proximal development, agency, reflection, and problem’s epicentre. We present different ways of operationalizing these notions applied to aiding children with learning difficulties. The notion of dual resource we propose is important for developing new techniques of working in the zone of proximal development; it is this basis certain technologies of organising the client’s reflection are relying on. We give examples of counselling children in such way and present a comparative analysis of the counsellor’s work with action schemas and cognitive-behavioural therapist’s work with problematic emotional states and behaviours in children with learning difficulties. The theoretic system we disclose helps to comprehend the famous quote from Lev Vygotsky: “one step in learning may signify a hundred steps in development”.

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Publiée
2017-09-21
Comment citer
ZARETSKII, Viktor K.; KHOLMOGOROVA, Alla B.. Pedagogical, Psychological and Psychotherapeutic Help in Overcoming Learning Difficulties to Facilitate Development. Revue internationale du CRIRES : innover dans la tradition de Vygotsky, [S.l.], v. 4, n. 1, p. 134-153, sep. 2017. ISSN 2291-6717. Disponible à l'adresse : >http://ojs.crires.ulaval.ca/index.php/ric/article/view/37>. Date de consultation : 23 nov. 2017